After I wrote the post about ISO, shutter speed and f-stop, my daughter suggested that I put together a table showing what I would recommend for typical shooting scenarios. I shoot with a Canon T1i so I have the luxury of using higher ISO settings than you might with a non-DSLR camera (or an older DSLR). So you may want to adjust these downward. Also these apply to mid-range shooting such as the 18-55mm lenses commonly shipped. For telephoto you need faster shutter speeds and you may need smaller lens openings so you’re generally going to have to boost ISO. With wide angle lenses you can shoot at slower speeds and wider openings.
|General indoors with flash||400||AV||f8|
|Sports outdoors||800||TV||1/500 or higher|
|Sports indoors no flash||1600||f5.6|
|Flowers||400 or 800||AV||f11|
|Macro on tripod||800||AV||f16 or smaller|
|Night shots tripod||400 or 800||AV||f8|
|Night shots handheld||1600 or 3200||AV||f4.5|
These are very general. Your mileage may vary. The keys are:
- Especially in lower light, getting a shutter speed fast enough to avoid camera shake blur
- Small f-stops especially as in you get in closer or zoom in more.
- Going with the lowest ISO that lets you achieve #1 and #2.